Black History Month- Susan B. Anthony

-February 15, 1820- March 13, 1906

-She dedicated her life to “the cause,” the woman suffrage movement.

-The accomplishments of Susan B. Anthony paved the way for the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920 (14 years after her death) which gave women the right to vote.

-Founded the National Woman’s Suffrage Association in 1869 with life-long friend Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Together they worked for women’s suffrage for over 50 years.

-Published “The Revolution” from 1868-1870, a weekly paper about the woman suffrage movement whose motto read, “Men their rights and nothing more, women their rights and nothing less.

-First person arrested, put on trial and fined for voting on November 5, 1872. Unable to speak in her defense she refuse to pay “a dollar of your unjust penalty.”

-Wrote the Susan B. Anthony Amendment in 1878 which later became the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote.

-Helped found the National American Woman’s Suffrage Association in 1890 which focused on a national amendment to secure women the vote. She served as president until 1900.

-Compiled and published “The History of Woman Suffrage (4 vols. 1881-1902) with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage.

-Founded the International Council of Women (1888) and the International Woman Suffrage Council (1904) which brought international attention to suffrage.

-Gave 75-100 speeches a year for 45 years, traveling throughout the the United States by stage coach, wagon, carriage and train.

-Led the only non-violent revolution in our country’s history — the 72 year struggle to win women the right to vote.

-In 1836, at age 16, Susan collected two boxes of petitions opposing slavery, in response to the gag rule prohibiting such petitions in the House of Representatives.

-In 1849, at age 29, she became secretary for the Daughters of Temperance, which gave her a forum to speak out against alcohol abuse, and served as the beginning of Anthony’s movement towards the public limelight.

-Before retiring, Anthony was asked if all women in the United states would ever be given the vote. She replied by stating, “it will come, but I shall not see it…It is inevitable.

-Was honored as the first real American woman on circulating U.S. coinage with her appearance on the Susan B. Anthony dollar.

-The Susan B. Anthony List, a pro-life organization, is named in her honor. Anthony’s position on abortion (or lack thereof) has been the subject of a long running dispute.

-She died of heart disease and pneumonia in her house at 17 Madison Street on March 13, 1906.

 

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