Black History Month- George Washington Carver

 

 

-July 12, 1864- January 5, 1943

-Carver’s reputation is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, which also aided nutrition for farm families.

-He wanted poor farmers to grow alternative crops both as a source of their own food and as a source of other products to improve their quality of life.

-The most popular of his 44 practical bulletins for farmers contained 105 food recipes using peanuts.

-He also developed and promoted about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm, including cosmetics, dyes, paints, plastics, gasoline, and nitroglycerin. He received numerous honors for his work, including the Spingarn Medal of the NAACP.

-He applied to several colleges before being accepted at Highland College in Highland, Kansas. when he arrived, they rejected him because of his race.

-Carver’s work was known by officials in the national capital before he became a public figure. President Theodore Roosevelt publicly admired his work.

-In 1916 Carver was made a member of the Royal Society of Arts in England, one of only a handful of Americans at that time to receive this honor.

-During the last two decades of his life, Carver seemed to enjoy his celebrity status. He was often to be found on the road promoting Tuskegee, peanuts, and racial harmony.

-Business leaders came to seek his help, and he often responded with free advice.

-Three American presidents—Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge and Franklin Roosevelt—met with him, and the Crown Prince of Sweden studied with him for three weeks.

-From 1923 to 1933, Carver toured white Southern colleges for the Commission on Interracial Cooperation.

-Honorary doctorate in 1928 from Simpson College.

-The George Washington Carver Museum was dedicated at the Tuskegee Institute.

-Buried beside Booker T. Washington.

-Fifty Cent piece coined to likeness of him and Booker T. Washington.

-Polaris submarine George Washington Carver launched in 1951.

-Inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1990.

-In 1998, a second stamp issued.

 

 

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