• Paul Roberson
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    Let’s Celebrate Black History Month With Paul Roberson

      -April 9, 1898- January 23, 1976 -Robeson attended Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., where he was an All-America football player. Upon graduating from Rutgers at the head of his class, he rejected a career as a professional athlete and instead entered Columbia University. – In 1930, he was the first black actor to portray Shakespeare’s Othello in an all-white cast. -He obtained a law degree in 1923, but, because of the lack of opportunity for blacks in the legal profession, he drifted to the stage, making a London debut in 1922. -He joined the Provincetown Players, a New York theatre group that included playwright Eugene O’Neill, and appeared…

  • Black History Month Dred Scott
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    Black History Month- Dred Scott

    -1795- September 17, 1858 -After the death of his original owner, he was sold to another man and spent time as a slave in two free states. Scott tried to buy freedom for himself and his family from their heirs of his second owner after his owner’s death but failed. -In the late 1840s, Scott filed suit to gain his freedom with help from two St. Louis attorneys. The basis of his case was that he had been taken from Missouri, a slave state, to Illinois, a free state. The case dragged on for years, finally making its way to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1857. The Supreme Court ruled…

  • Ella Baker
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    Black History Month Featuring Ella Baker

        -December 13, 1903- December 13, 1986 -Civil rights and human rights activist beginning in the 1930s. She was a behind-the-scenes activist whose career spanned over five decades. -As a girl, Baker listened to her grandmother tell stories about slave revolts. As a slave, her grandmother had been whipped for refusing to marry a man chosen for her by the slave owner. -Baker attended Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, graduating as class valedictorian in 1927 at the age of 24. As a student she challenged school policies that she thought were unfair. -During 1929 – 1930 she was an editorial staff member of the American West Indian News,…

  • Ida B. Wells
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    Black History Month- Ida B. Wells-Barnett

        -July 16, 1862- March 25, 1931 -She was a journalist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s and went on to found and become integral in groups striving for justice for African Americans. -She was educated at Rust University, a freedmen’s school in her native Holly Springs, Mississippi, and at age 14 began teaching in a country school. She continued to teach after moving to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1884 and attended Fisk University in Nashville during several summer sessions. -In 1887 the Tennessee Supreme Court, reversing a Circuit Court decision, ruled against Wells in a suit she had brought against the Chesapeake &…

  • Fredrick Douglas
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    Black History Month- Frederick Douglass

      -February 1818- February 20, 1895 -African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition movement, and he became the first black citizen to hold high rank in the U.S. government. -Separated as an infant from his slave mother (he never knew his white father), Frederick lived with his grandmother on a Maryland plantation until, at age eight, his owner sent him to Baltimore to live as a house servant with the family of Hugh Auld, whose wife defied state law by teaching the boy to read. -Frederick tried to…

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    Black History Month- W.E.B DuBois

        -February 23, 1868- August 27, 1963 -American sociologist, the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century. -For more than a decade he devoted himself to sociological investigations of blacks in America, producing 16 research monographs published between 1897 and 1914 at Atlanta (Georgia) University, where he was a professor, as well as The Philadelphia Negro; A Social Study (1899), the first case study of a black community in the United States. -He was indicted in 1951 as an unregistered agent for a foreign power but was acquitted and moved to Ghana where he remained until his death in…

  • This and that

    Black History Month- Nat Turner

      -October 2, 1800- November 11, 1831 -Leader of a slave insurrection. -Sold three times in his childhood and hired out to John Travis (1820s), he became a fiery preacher and leader of African-American slaves on Benjamin Turner’s plantation and in his Southampton County neighborhood, claiming that he was chosen by God to lead them from bondage. -Believing in signs and hearing divine voices, Turner was convinced by an eclipse of the Sun (1831) that the time to rise up had come, and he enlisted the help of four other slaves in the area. -An insurrection was planned, aborted, and rescheduled for August 21, 1831, when he and six other slaves…

  • Rosa Parks
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    Black History Month- Rosa Parks

      -February 4, 1913- October 24, 2005 -Named “The Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement” – Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. -That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonely act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere. -Opportunities were few indeed. “Back then,” Mrs. Parks recalled in an interview, “we didn’t…

  • Marcus Garvey
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    Black History Month Featuring Marcus Garvey

      -August 17, 1887- June 10, 1940 -An orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. -He advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. -In the United States he launched several businesses to promote a separate black nation. -After he was convicted of mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica, he continued his work for black repatriation to Africa. -In 1903, he traveled to Kingston, Jamaica, and soon became involved in union activities. -In 1907, he…

  • This and that

    Black History Month- George Washington Carver

        -July 12, 1864- January 5, 1943 -Carver’s reputation is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, which also aided nutrition for farm families. -He wanted poor farmers to grow alternative crops both as a source of their own food and as a source of other products to improve their quality of life. -The most popular of his 44 practical bulletins for farmers contained 105 food recipes using peanuts. -He also developed and promoted about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm, including cosmetics, dyes, paints, plastics, gasoline, and nitroglycerin. He…

  • Jackie Robinson
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    Black History Month- Jackie Robinson

      -January 31, 1919- October 24, 1972 -First black player in the MLB, making his debut in 1947 for the Brooklyn Dodgers. -His major league debut brought an end to approximately sixty years of segregation in professional baseball. -Him breaking of the baseball color line and his professional success symbolized these broader changes and demonstrated that the fight for equality was more than simply a political matter. -Martin Luther King said that he was “a legend and a symbol in his own time”, and that he “challenged the dark skies of intolerance and frustration.” -According to historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, Robinson’s “efforts were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution…

  • Dr. Carter Woodson
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    Black History Month- Dr. Carter Godwin Woodson

        -December 19, 1875- April 3, 1950 -Founder of Black History -Historian, author, journalist and the founder of the Association for the Study African American Life and History -Founder of the Journal of Negro History, now called The Journal of African-American History -Coming from a large, poor family, he could not regularly attend school. Through self-instruction, Woodson mastered the fundamentals of common school subjects by age 17. -Convinced that the role of his own people in American history and in the history of other cultures was being ignored or misrepresented among scholars. -He realized the need for research into the neglected past of African Americans. -His final professional appointment…