Black History Month- A. Philip Randolph

  -April 15, 1889- May 16, 1979 -Labor leader and social activist. -The son of a minister, he worked at a variety of jobs while gaining an education in Florida and then at City College of New York. He began his efforts on behalf of African-American laborers when, while working as a waiter on a coastal steamship, he organized a protest against their living conditions. -In World War I he tried to unionize African-American shipyard workers in Virginia and elevator operators in New York City, and founded the Messenger (1917), a ... [read more]

Black History Month- Paul Roberson

  -April 9, 1898- January 23, 1976 -Robeson attended Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., where he was an All-America football player. Upon graduating from Rutgers at the head of his class, he rejected a career as a professional athlete and instead entered Columbia University. - In 1930, he was the first black actor to portray Shakespeare's Othello in an all-white cast. -He obtained a law degree in 1923, but, because of the lack of opportunity for blacks in the legal profession, he drifted to the stage, making a ... [read more]

Black History Month- Dred Scott

-1795- September 17, 1858 -After the death of his original owner, he was sold to another man and spent time as a slave in two free states. Scott tried to buy freedom for himself and his family from their heirs of his second owner after his owner's death but failed. -In the late 1840s, Scott filed suit to gain his freedom with help from two St. Louis attorneys. The basis of his case was that he had been taken from Missouri, a slave state, to Illinois, a free state. The case dragged on for years, finally making its way to the U.S. Supreme ... [read more]

Black History Month- James Baldwin

    -August 2, 1924- December 1, 1987 -Novelist and playwright during the mid-20th century. -While not a marching activist, Baldwin emerged as one of the leading voices in the civil rights movement for his compelling work on race, notably Notes of a Native Son and The Fire Next Time. Baldwin was out about his homosexuality and atheist beliefs. -In addition to writing, he also taught at several universities. -He broke new literary ground with the exploration of racial and social issues in his many works. He was especially well ... [read more]

Black History Month- Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

  -November 29, 1908- April 4, 1972 -He built a formidable public following in Harlem through his crusades for jobs and housing for the poor. He won election to the New York City Council in 1941, becoming the first black man to serve on that body. In 1945 he won election to the U.S. House of Representatives. There he began a long fight against racial segregation. -Brought up in a middle-class home, he received his B.A. from Colgate University (Hamilton, N.Y.) in 1930 and his M.A. from Columbia University in 1932. He succeeded ... [read more]

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