– 1820 to March 10, 1913
-Born Araminta Harriet Ross
-Born a slave in Maryland, Harriet Tubman escaped to freedom, and later led more than 300 other slaves to the North and to Canada to their freedom, too.
-The best-known conductor on the Underground Railroad.
-She spoke against slavery and for women’s rights.
-Acquainted with many of the social reformers and abolitionists of her time.
-During the Civil War she served with the U.S. Army in South Carolina, as a nurse, scout, spy and soldier.
-Most famously she led the Combahee River expedition, under the command of James Montgomery, helping to blow up Southern supply lines and free hundreds of slaves.
-She helped a biographer publish her life story, spoke for the rights of women and African Americans, helped organize the AME (African Methodist Episcopal) Zion Church, and set up a home for indigent aged African Americans.
-She fought for a military pension, but was only able to win a widow’s pension on account of her second husband’s service. When Harriet Tubman died, the people of Auburn buried her with full military honors.
-She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women’s suffrage.
-Tubman was beaten by masters to whom she was hired out. Early in her life, she suffered a head wound when hit by a heavy metal weight.
-She was called Moses by slaves whom she rescued.
-When the Southern-dominated Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, requiring law officials in free states to aid efforts to recapture slaves, she helped guide fugitives farther north into Canada, where slavery was prohibited.
-By 1911, her body was so frail that she had to be admitted into the rest home named in her honor.
-Surrounded by friends and family members, Harriet Tubman died of pneumonia in 1913. Just before she died, she told those in the room: “I go to prepare a place for you.”