• Black History Month Dred Scott
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    Black History Month- Dred Scott

    -1795- September 17, 1858 -After the death of his original owner, he was sold to another man and spent time as a slave in two free states. Scott tried to buy freedom for himself and his family from their heirs of his second owner after his owner’s death but failed. -In the late 1840s, Scott filed suit to gain his freedom with help from two St. Louis attorneys. The basis of his case was that he had been taken from Missouri, a slave state, to Illinois, a free state. The case dragged on for years, finally making its way to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1857. The Supreme Court ruled…

  • Ella Baker
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    Black History Month Featuring Ella Baker

        -December 13, 1903- December 13, 1986 -Civil rights and human rights activist beginning in the 1930s. She was a behind-the-scenes activist whose career spanned over five decades. -As a girl, Baker listened to her grandmother tell stories about slave revolts. As a slave, her grandmother had been whipped for refusing to marry a man chosen for her by the slave owner. -Baker attended Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, graduating as class valedictorian in 1927 at the age of 24. As a student she challenged school policies that she thought were unfair. -During 1929 – 1930 she was an editorial staff member of the American West Indian News,…

  • Ida B. Wells
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    Black History Month- Ida B. Wells-Barnett

        -July 16, 1862- March 25, 1931 -She was a journalist who led an anti-lynching crusade in the United States in the 1890s and went on to found and become integral in groups striving for justice for African Americans. -She was educated at Rust University, a freedmen’s school in her native Holly Springs, Mississippi, and at age 14 began teaching in a country school. She continued to teach after moving to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1884 and attended Fisk University in Nashville during several summer sessions. -In 1887 the Tennessee Supreme Court, reversing a Circuit Court decision, ruled against Wells in a suit she had brought against the Chesapeake &…

  • Fredrick Douglas
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    Black History Month- Frederick Douglass

      -February 1818- February 20, 1895 -African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition movement, and he became the first black citizen to hold high rank in the U.S. government. -Separated as an infant from his slave mother (he never knew his white father), Frederick lived with his grandmother on a Maryland plantation until, at age eight, his owner sent him to Baltimore to live as a house servant with the family of Hugh Auld, whose wife defied state law by teaching the boy to read. -Frederick tried to…

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    Black History Month- W.E.B DuBois

        -February 23, 1868- August 27, 1963 -American sociologist, the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century. -For more than a decade he devoted himself to sociological investigations of blacks in America, producing 16 research monographs published between 1897 and 1914 at Atlanta (Georgia) University, where he was a professor, as well as The Philadelphia Negro; A Social Study (1899), the first case study of a black community in the United States. -He was indicted in 1951 as an unregistered agent for a foreign power but was acquitted and moved to Ghana where he remained until his death in…

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    Black History Month Featuring Barack Obama

      -Born August 4, 1961 -He was elected the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008, and sworn in on January 20, 2009. Also the 1st African American President of the United States. -He was a civil rights lawyer before pursuing a political career, first as Illinois State Senator. -While living with his grandparents, Obama enrolled in the esteemed Punahou Academy, excelling in basketball and graduating with academic honors in 1979. -As one of only three black students at the school, Obama became conscious of racism and what it meant to be African-American. -He later described how he struggled to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage…