• This and that

    Black History Month- Nat Turner

      -October 2, 1800- November 11, 1831 -Leader of a slave insurrection. -Sold three times in his childhood and hired out to John Travis (1820s), he became a fiery preacher and leader of African-American slaves on Benjamin Turner’s plantation and in his Southampton County neighborhood, claiming that he was chosen by God to lead them from bondage. -Believing in signs and hearing divine voices, Turner was convinced by an eclipse of the Sun (1831) that the time to rise up had come, and he enlisted the help of four other slaves in the area. -An insurrection was planned, aborted, and rescheduled for August 21, 1831, when he and six other slaves…

  • Rosa Parks
    This and that

    Black History Month- Rosa Parks

      -February 4, 1913- October 24, 2005 -Named “The Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement” – Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. -That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. This brave woman, Rosa Parks, was arrested and fined for violating a city ordinance, but her lonely act of defiance began a movement that ended legal segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom-loving people everywhere. -Opportunities were few indeed. “Back then,” Mrs. Parks recalled in an interview, “we didn’t…

  • Marcus Garvey
    This and that

    Black History Month Featuring Marcus Garvey

      -August 17, 1887- June 10, 1940 -An orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. -He advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. -In the United States he launched several businesses to promote a separate black nation. -After he was convicted of mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica, he continued his work for black repatriation to Africa. -In 1903, he traveled to Kingston, Jamaica, and soon became involved in union activities. -In 1907, he…

  • Thurgood Marshall
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    Black History Month- Thurgood Marshall

      -July 2, 1908- January 24, 1993 -On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court. -Marshall was confirmed as an Associate Justice by a Senate vote of 69–11 on August 30, 1967. -He was the 96th person to hold the position, and the first African American. President Johnson confidently predicted to one biographer, Doris Kearns Goodwin, that a lot of black baby boys would be named “Thurgood” in honor of this choice. -He served on the Court for the next twenty-four years, compiling a liberal record that included strong support for Constitutional protection of individual rights, especially the rights of criminal suspects against the government. -At…

  • Dr. Garrett Morgan
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    Black History Month- Dr. Garrett Morgan

      -March 4, 1877- August 27, 1963 -On July 25, 1916, he made national news for using his gas mask to rescue 32 men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel 250 feet beneath Lake Erie. -Morgan’s company received requests from fire departments around the country who wished to purchase the new masks. -The Morgan gas mask was later refined for use by U.S. Army during World War I. In 1914, Garrett Morgan was awarded a patent for a Safety Hood and Smoke Protector. -Two years later, a refined model of his early gas mask won a gold medal at the International Exposition of Sanitation and Safety, and another…

  • This and that

    Black History Month- George Washington Carver

        -July 12, 1864- January 5, 1943 -Carver’s reputation is based on his research into and promotion of alternative crops to cotton, such as peanuts, soybeans and sweet potatoes, which also aided nutrition for farm families. -He wanted poor farmers to grow alternative crops both as a source of their own food and as a source of other products to improve their quality of life. -The most popular of his 44 practical bulletins for farmers contained 105 food recipes using peanuts. -He also developed and promoted about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm, including cosmetics, dyes, paints, plastics, gasoline, and nitroglycerin. He…